All posts tagged: Science

A Very Brief History of Indian Science

The annual Indian Science Congress, which just concluded, had its usual share of controversies about history of Indian science and I have been asked to weigh in. It so turns out that I did precisely that in a brief account titled “Science” for Stanley Wolpert’s Encyclopedia of India(2005) and since that is freely available online, I shall be more selective of themes in this revision of the previous essay. This account does not include the modern period for which many excellent histories exist. Indian archaeology and literature provide considerable layered evidence related to the development of science. The chronological time frame for this history is provided by the archaeological record that has been traced, in an unbroken tradition, to about 8000 BCE. Prior to this date, there are records of rock paintings that are considerably older. The earliest textual source is the Ṛgveda, which is a compilation of very ancient material. The astronomical references in the Vedic books recall events of the third or the fourth millennium BCE and earlier. The discovery that Sarasvati, the preeminent river of the …

The Nature of Physical Reality

The Nature of Physical Reality by Subhash Kak

What did the ancient Greek philosophers and Hindu Rishis postulate about the Universe, Nature and consciousness? Philosophically, how do the six darshanas of the Hindu system differ from the logic of modern science? How important is the observer in the scheme of things, and how does consciousness affect our knowledge of the world? What are the similarities and differences between Indian and Western epistemology? Professor Subhash Kak, renowned Indologist, computer scientist, scholar and philosopher, explores these and various other paradoxes of philosophy and science which challenge, expand and modify our understanding of the natural world and reality. The book, “The Nature of Physical Reality“, takes us through the rich history of the development of scientific thought, right up to the latest ideas in physics, mathematics, biology and compares them with the understanding and explorations of the Upanishads and Indian Rishis. Paradoxes of Science Does an entirely mechanistic view of life explain perfectly all that we see and experience? Well, maybe not. To explain the nature of these conflicts at the edges of knowledge and logic, the …